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Past Clarence Ayres Scholars


Lynne Chester researches and teaches in the Department of Political Economy at the University of Sydney, Australia.

She is recognised as a leading Australian scholar in the empirical application of French Regulation Theory, a heterodox school of economic thought inspired by Institutional and Marxist Economics.

Her research is grounded in using the theoretical to develop methodological frameworks for empirical analysis of real world problems such as the economic-energy-environment relation, the restructuring of electricity sectors, energy affordability and impoverishment, the formation of electricity prices, the economic regulation of energy markets, energy security, the restructuring of production from financialisation, the structure and operation of markets, and capitalism’s institutional architecture.

Lynne is the author of Neoliberalism and Electricity Sector Restructuring: A Regulationist Analysis (Routledge, 2016), and a co-editor of the Review of Political Economy, the Handbook for Heterodox Economics (Routledge 2017), Challenging the Orthodoxy: Reflections on Frank Stilwell’s Contributor to Political Economy (Springer, 2014), Proceedings of the Annual Conference for the Australian Society of Heterodox Economists (Refereed Papers), and a special issue on heterodox economics for On the Horizon (2012). She has contributed chapters to A Modern Guide to Rethinking Economics (Edward Elgar, 2016), Frontiers of Heterodox Economics: Essays in Honor of Frederic S. Lee (Routledge, 2016), Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Heterodox Economics (Edward Elgar, 2016), Neoliberalism: Beyond the Free Market (Edward Elgar, 2012) and Readings in Political Economy (Tilde, 2011). Her research has also been published in the American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Australian Journal of Social Issues, Economic and Labour Relations Review, Energy Policy, European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, International Journal of Green Economics, Journal of Australian Political Economy, Journal of Economic Issues, and Review of Radical Political Economics.

Her paper for AFEE’s 2017 Conference is the third part of a trilogy of papers on institutional economics. In the first part, she posits that Institutional Economics could usefully deploy ‘institutional insights’ provided by French Regulation Theory and the Social Structure of Accumulation Approach to advance understanding of social provisioning. [1]  In the second part, using contemporary electricity sectors as an empirical lens to illuminate the internal drivers of institutional change and the evolving nature of the co-constitutive relationships between institutions, she argues the need for a re-conceptualisation of institutions which account for global phenomena that are ‘flows’ transcending the boundaries of national economies.[2] In the third part of the trilogy, she deploys a series of questions to delineate different conceptions of institutions in order to understand their respective social ontological presuppositions and the analytical implications.

Further details of Lynne’s research can be found here.

[1] Presented to the 2015 AFEE Annual Conference, Philadelphia.

[2] Presented to the 2016 AFEE Annual Conference, San Francisco.


Tiago Mata is a Lecturer at the Department of Science and Technology Studies at University College London. He has published on the history and sociology of dissent in economics, academic freedom, and the patronage of social science. Mata studied Economics at the Technical University of Lisbon and the University of Cambridge and has a PhD in Economic History from the London School of Economics. He is currently the principal investigator of a European Research Council project studying economic journalism since 1945.

Selected Publications:

2012. "National Science Foundation Patronage of Social Science, 1970s and 1980s: Congressional Scrutiny, Advocacy Network, and the Prestige of Economics” (with Tom Scheiding) Minerva 50(4): 423-449.

2011. “Trust in Independence: The Identities of Economists in Business Magazines, 1945-1970.” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 47(4): 359-379.

2009. “Inside the Black Box: The Role of Shocking Errors in Growth Theory.” (with Francisco Lou¸c˜a) History of Political Economy, 41(5): 334-355.

2009. “Migrations and Boundary Work: Harvard, Radical Economists and the Committee on Political Discrimination.” Science in Context 22(1): 115-143.

2004. “Constructing Identity: The Post Keynesians and the Capital Controversies.” Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 26(2), June: 241-249.


Merijn Knibbe (1960) studied at the University of Groningen from 1979 till 1986 and was influenced by the Groningen professors Angus Maddison, Jan Kregel and Han Baudet. He wrote a Ph. D. about the development of production and institutional change of Dutch agriculture between 1850 and 1950. After this he published about the agricultural history of Friesland (especially the development of productivity and the standard of living), the availability of food in the Netherlands between 1807 and 1950 and more recently about the relation (of often: lack thereoff) between concepts in economic theory and concepts in economic statistics. He worked at the Dutch CBS (Centraal Bureau for the Statistiek), Hogeschool van Hall Larenstein and the University of Groningen. At this moment he is working on capital markets in Friesland in the sixteenth century as well as on the conceptual divergence between economic theory and economic statistics.

Selected publications:

Agriculture in the Netherlands 1851-1950: production and institutional change (Amsterdam 1993). Ph. D thesis.

‘Feed, fertilizer and Agricultural productivity in the Netherlands, 1880 - 1930’, Agricultural history 74-1 (2000) 39-57.

Lokkich Fryslân. Landpacht, arbeidsloon en landbouwproductiviteit in het Friese kleigebied, 1505 – 1830, Historia Agriculturae no. 38 (Groningen 2006).

‘De hoofdelijke beschikbaarheid van voedsel en de levensstandaard in Nederland, 1807 – 1913’, Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis 4-4 (2007) 108-135.

‘Jaarinkomens, huisvesting en welstand van grondwerkers in Schoterland, 1796-1830’, De Vrije Fries 90 (2010) pp. 65-106

‘Looking at the right metrics in the right way: a tale of two kinds of models’, real-world economics review 63, 25 March 2013, pp. 73-97, http://www.paecon.net/PAEReview/issue63/knibbe63.pdf


Svetlana KIRDINA (Светлана Георгиевна Кирдина)

Doctor’s degree in Sociology,
Candidate of Science in Economics

 web-site www.kirdina.ru

Head of Department for Evolution of Social and Economic Systems, Institute of Economics, Russian Academy of Sciences - RAS, Moscow, Russia (www.inecon.ru/).

~ 190 publications in Russian and English.

I graduated from Novosibirsk State University (Department of Economic Cybernetics with major in Sociology). Then I worked in the Department of Social Problems at the Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk.

In 1986 I was awarded the degree of Candidate of Sciences in Economics as a result of research in the field of social-regional structure of the rural area of the Soviet society.

In 2002 I defended my book "Institutional Matrices and Development In Russia" as a Doctoral thesis in Sociology at the Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

My main research interests lie in the field of social and economic theory, comparative institutional analysis, heterodox economics and its methodology.

I have been working on a macro-sociological theoretical hypothesis of institutional matrices (or X- and Y-theory) since 1990s and consider it as my most important achievement. It has been delivered in a number of papers, articles and books. My present work is dedicated to argumentation and verification of the hypothesis, the core of which is the assumption that the type of society is characterized by domination of institutions of either X-matrix or Y-matrix. This choice determines the distinct ways in which those societies evolve.

The core of the institutional matrices theory and the results of its application to analysis of transformation processes in Russia and other countries are included in educational courses at universities from Moscow and Saint-Petersburg to Novosibirsk and Vladivostok, as well as in Ukraine and Belarus. At the same time the concept remains actively discussed in the academic community, with many pros and contras being put forward.

Professional Memberships: Association for Evolutionary Economics; European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy; Association for Institutional Thought ; Union for Radical Political Economy; International Sociological Association; European Sociological Association; Russian Society of Sociologists; New Economic Association, Russia.

Other Professional Activities:

- Member of Organizing Committee of the Biennal International Symposium on Evolutionary Economics in Puschino, Moscow region, Russia (since 2003);

- Member of the Board of the Research Committee 01 “Economy and Society”, International  Sociological  Association (2004-2006);  

- Member of the Board of the Social Theory Research Network, European Sociological Association (2008-2012);

- Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Institutional Studies, Russia, in Russian and English; Социологические исследования (Sociological Studies– SOCIS), Russia, in Russian; Montenegrin Economic Journal, Montenegro, in English;

- Member of the Scientific Board “New Social Phenomena in Russia”, Russian academy of sciences - Social Science Section;

- An expert of International Zaheer Science Foundation (New Delhi, India).


2013 Clarence Ayres Scholar

Yanis Varoufakis

Yanis Varoufakis is currently,

Professor of Economics – Division of Political Economy, Department of Economics, University of Athens,14 Evripidou Street, Athens 10559, Greece

Economist-in-residence – Valve Corporation, 10900 NE 4th Street, Suite 500, Bellevue, Washington State, USA

Visiting Professor – Lyndon B. Johnson Graduate School of Public Affairs, University of Texas, Austin, USA